Online edition of India's National Newspaper
Tuesday, Mar 02, 2004

About Us
Contact Us
Kerala
News: Front Page | National | Tamil Nadu | Andhra Pradesh | Karnataka | Kerala | New Delhi | Other States | International | Opinion | Business | Sport | Miscellaneous |
Advts:
Classifieds | Employment | Obituary |

Kerala Printer Friendly Page   Send this Article to a Friend

State has lowest population growth rate

By Our Special Correspondent

THIRUVANA NTHAPURAM, MARCH 1. Kerala witnessed the lowest population growth rate of 9.4 per cent during 1991-2001 among States in India, according to the final population and primary abstract of Census 2001 released here on Monday.

It is the second lowest growth rate recorded over 100 years by the State - the lowest being 9.16 per cent in 1921. The average size of the household decreased from 5.3 persons in 1991 to 4.7 persons in 2001.

In density, Kerala ranks third among Indian States - 819 persons per sq. km. This is 2.8 times the all-India density. West Bengal and Bihar occupy the first two places.

The population of Kerala as on `00.00' hours of March 1, 2001 stood at 31,841,374 (3.18 crores) with a break up of 15,468,614 male (1.54 crores) and 16,372,760 females (1.64 crores).

The State's population in 1901 Census was 6,396,262.

Around 254 lakh people were added over the last 100 years (1901-2001) in the State.

In area, Palakkad district tops with 4,480 sq. km and Alappuzha with 1,414 sq. km retains the position of the smallest district.

The most populous district is Malappuram with 36,25,471 persons and the least is Wayanad with 780,619 persons.

Kerala continues to be the only State in India where females have preponderance over males— 1,058 females per 1,000 males. Pathanamthitta district tops in sex ratio with 1,094 females per 1,000 males. Two other districts topping in sex ratio are Thrissur (1,092) and Kannur (1,090). Idukki and Wayanad districts are having negative sex ratio i.e., 993 and 995 respectively.

Kerala has broken the record of 100 (1901-2001) years with 22 points gain in sex ratio during 1991-2001. The percentage of SC population to total population has decreased from 9.92 in 1991 to 9.81 in 2001. Palakkad (16.53 pre cent) and Idukki (14.11 per cent) districts have higher percentage of SC population. Kannur district (4.11 per cent) is having the lowest percentage of SC population. The percentage of ST population has increased from 1.10 per cent in 1991 to 1.14 per cent in 2001.

Wayanad district (17.43 per cent) has the highest percentage of ST population. Alappuzha (0.15 per cent) and Thrissur (0.16 per cent) have a very low percentage of ST population. The districts with highest literacy rate in 2001 - Kottayam (95.82 per cent), Pathanamthitta (94.84 per cent) and Alappuzha (93.43 per cent) - form a belt. Palakkad (84.35 per cent), Kasaragod (84.57 per cent) and Wayanad (85.25 per cent) are the districts with lower literacy rates.

Work participation rate of Kerala in 2001 is 32.30 per cent as compared to 31.43 per cent in 1991.

Work participation rate is the highest in Idukki district (43.16 per cent) and the lowest in Malappuram district (24.12 per cent).

Female work participation rate in 2001 is 15.38 per cent as compared to 15.85 per cent in 1991.

Villages at a glance

u The most populous village is Kannan Devan Hills in Idukki district with 68,205 people and the least is Mlappara in Idukki district with 1,125 people.

u Orumanayur village in Thrissur district tops in sex ratio with 1,226 females per 1,000 males. Poolacode village in Kozhikode district is having the lowest sex ratio (911).

u Nedumudi village in Alappuzha district tops in literacy rate (97.73 per cent) and Padavayal village in Palakkad district is having the lowest literacy rate (46.17 per cent).

u Kottakamboor village in Idukki district tops in work participation rate (62.61 per cent) and Cheriyamundam village in Malappuram district is having the lowest work participation rate (16.96 per cent).

u Kottakamboor village in ldukki district is having the highest female work participation rate (62.56 per cent) and Perumanna village in Malappuram district is having the lowest female work participation rate (1.98 per cent).

u The village with the highest percentage of SC population is Kannan Devan Hills in Idukki district (53.53 per cent). 7. The village with the highest percentage of ST population is Padavayal in Palakkad district (70.27 per cent).

u The village with the lowest percentage of SC population is Talikala in Kasaragod district (0.38 per cent).

u Two villages have no SC population.

u There are 396 villages having no ST population.

Highlights of Panchayat Primary Census Abstract

u The most populous panchayat is Munnar in Idukki district with 68,205 population and the least is Vattavada in the same district with 5,102 population.

u Orumanayur panchayat in Thrissur district tops in sex ratio with 1,232 females per 1,000 males. Vattavada panchayat in Idukki district is having the lowest sex ratio (930)

u Nedumudi panchayat in Alappuzha district tops in literacy rate (97.73 per cent) and Pudur panchayat in Palakkad district is having the lowest literacy rate (48.31 per cent).

u Vattavada panchayat in Idukki district tops in work participation rate (57.64 per cent) and Thennala panchayat in Malappurarn district is having the lowest work participation rate (16.55 per cent).

u Nelliyampathy panchayat in Palakkad district is having the highest female work participation rate (51.22 per cent) and Thennala panchayat in Malappuram district is having the lowest female work participation rate (1.73 per cent).

u The panchayat with the highest percentage of SC population is Munnar in Idukki district (53.33 per cent). The panchayat with highest percentage of ST population is Pudur in Palakkad district (64.21 per cent).

u The panchayat with the lowest percentage of SC population is New Mahe in Kannur district. Two hundred and eighteen panchayats have less than 0.1 percentage of ST populat ion.

Printer friendly page  
Send this article to Friends by E-Mail

Kerala

News: Front Page | National | Tamil Nadu | Andhra Pradesh | Karnataka | Kerala | New Delhi | Other States | International | Opinion | Business | Sport | Miscellaneous |
Advts:
Classifieds | Employment | Obituary | Updates: Breaking News |


News Update


The Hindu Group: Home | About Us | Copyright | Archives | Contacts | Subscription
Group Sites: The Hindu | Business Line | The Sportstar | Frontline | The Hindu eBooks | Home |

Copyright 2004, The Hindu. Republication or redissemination of the contents of this screen are expressly prohibited without the written consent of The Hindu