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dated November 13, 1954: PM deprecates strikes

Prime Minister Nehru said in New Delhi on November 12 that just as war did not solve any problems, lock-outs and strikes also did not solve any problems in the industrial field. Inaugurating the 11th session of the Labour Ministers conference in the capital, the Prime Minister said that both Labour and Capital should understand that the problems could not be solved by fighting amongst themselves. An atmosphere of confidence had to be created by which such problems could be solved in a fair manner. Till now, Mr. Nehru said, the problems had been looked at from the point of view of Capital or Labour and, while attempts had been made to settle them, they still remained. A change must be brought about, even though it might have to be done slowly. India was a poor country and there was lack of wealth and conflicts arose. But before they could resolve the conflicts about the division of wealth, they must first create wealth. Only if there was wealth could it be divided. The task before the country was how to increase its production and wealth. Only by increasing these could the standard of living be raised and improvement brought about in the general condition of the people. He pointed out that conflicts between Labour and Capital only hindered production. Both Capital and Labour had to understand this. There were many problems to be solved and the goal could not be reached unless everyone worked in a spirit of cooperation. They had enacted many laws for the solution of disputes, but it was clear that disputes could be settled only through understanding and not by lock-outs or strikes. Deprecating what he called the `hukumat' methods of the Government, the Prime Minister said he did not like some of the methods of the Government and the manner in which orders were issued. "Politeness pays," he reminded the conference, adding that "the old hukumat order is now out of place.''

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