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Fall in Delhi birth rate fails to arrest population rise

NEW DELHI, JAN. 2. Only 590 people are born in the National Capital every day, but as many as 800 arrive in the city multiplying its population at an alarming rate.

Despite a decline in birth rate, the population rise has also been boosted by a decline in death rate, according to the Annual Report on Registration of Births and Deaths of the Delhi Government.

The birth rate went down from 23.58 births per thousand during 2002 to 21.24 births per thousand during the following year while death rate came down from 5.93 per thousand to 5.81 in 2001.

The average number of births per day in Delhi was 869 during 2000 and 812 in 2001, whereas the average number of deaths per day in 2000 was 219 as compared to 222 in the following year.

About 222 deaths take place in Delhi per day as compared to 812 births resulting in an increase of 590 people per day and 2.15 lakh in a year to the city's population. The remaining increase of 2.70 lakhs in population is because of migration.

There has been a decline in the birth rate of females as compared to males. There were as many as 820 females births per one thousand males in 2000 as compared to 809 in 2001, the report said.

The report shows that the rate of literacy had great impact on the size of families in the capital.

Only two per cent of the women who were graduate or post graduate had four or more children as compared to 15 per cent of illiterate female who had equal number of children.

It also found that Delhi women in the age group of 25-29 were most fertile, sharing 41 per cent of total births.

Those in 20-24 age group followed next with 32 per cent of the total births. The 15-19 age group was least fertile, accounting for only two per cent of the total births.

According to the report, about 62 per cent of the births registered in Delhi took place in institutions during 2001 as compared to 61 per cent in 2002. -- UNI

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