Online edition of India's National Newspaper
Wednesday, May 25, 2005

About Us
Contact Us
Karnataka
News: Front Page | National | Tamil Nadu | Andhra Pradesh | Karnataka | Kerala | New Delhi | Other States | International | Opinion | Business | Sport | Miscellaneous | Engagements |
Advts:
Classifieds | Employment |

Karnataka - Hubli Printer Friendly Page   Send this Article to a Friend

High incidence of HIV/AIDS in Dharwad, HDMC areas

Madan Mohan M.

Survey on HIV/AIDS brings forth interesting facts about disease in twin districts


  • Hubli-Dharwad among places in State where HIV/AIDS is endemic
  • ICHAP conducted the study in Hubli-Dharwad and Bagalkot
  • Ignorance about methods to prevent STI is rampant in slums
  • Information not easily available on HIV/AIDS, says study

    HUBLI: Dharwad district and areas in the Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC) limits have high incidence of HIV/AIDS in the State.

    It is this dubious distinction which prompted the India-Canada Collaborative HIV/AIDS Project (ICHAP) to select Hubli-Dharwad for a study of HIV/AIDS in urban areas while Bagalkot district was selected for the study of the disease in rural areas.

    A survey designed to map high-risk behaviour, draw profiles of members of risk groups and identify slums with high incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STI) and HIV/AIDS has come out with some interesting insights.

    The survey team visited 150 confirmed red light areas, interviewed 500 key informants and covered 17 per cent and 21 per cent of the slum population in Hubli and Dharwad, respectively, for the study.

    The survey identifies 12 areas in Hubli-Dharwad where prostitution and soliciting is evident. Two areas are located on the highway which are dotted with dhabas.

    It has been estimated that three categories of women sex worker — street-based sex workers, part-time sex workers and dhaba or lodge-based sex workers — among themselves provide 617 services to 1,176 clients a day. On an average, lodge-based sex workers get five clients a day, street-based sex workers two and part-time sex workers one client a day.

    Most of the sex workers are aged between 22 and 35. Also, 36 per cent of them live with their spouses while 49 per cent are deserted, widowed or separated. While 60 per cent of them are illiterates, 33 per cent can read Kannada.

    Clients

    With regard to the clients, the survey says that they are aged between 18 and 40. While 58 per cent of them live with spouses, 20 per cent are literates. As much as 24 per cent of them are daily wage labourers, 16 per cent are from the salaried class and 14 per cent of them are in business.

    While 59 per cent of the sex workers and 56 per cent of their clients live in the Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation area, 16 per cent of the sex workers and 23 per cent of the clients live outside the municipal corporation area. As much as 26 per cent of the workers and 21 per cent of the clients live outside Dharwad district.

    The sex workers are allowed to stay for a maximum of 15 days in dhabas if they happen to come from the neighbourhood. As much as 24 per cent of the sex workers and 14 per cent of the clients visit a doctor with at least one symptom of STI within three months and 57 per cent of the sex workers and 73 per cent of the clients are not aware of any method to protect themselves from STI.

    As much as 82 per cent of the sex workers and 92 per cent of clients have heard the term HIV/AIDS but their risk perception is low. A large number of them do not know how to use a condom.

    Harassed

    As much as 23 per cent of the sex workers have been beaten or harassed by the police and 29 per cent of them pay money. The mutually beneficial arrangements include monthly bribes, free sex and alcohol and prior intimation about the raids by the police.

    Symptoms of STI were reported from all slums the team visited. There is no awareness about methods to prevent STI among women.

    As much as 50 per cent to 60 per cent of the respondents in each slum have heard of AIDS and 22 per cent to 30 per cent believe that it can be cured.

    Printer friendly page  
    Send this article to Friends by E-Mail

    Karnataka

    News: Front Page | National | Tamil Nadu | Andhra Pradesh | Karnataka | Kerala | New Delhi | Other States | International | Opinion | Business | Sport | Miscellaneous | Engagements |
    Advts:
    Classifieds | Employment | Updates: Breaking News |


  • News Update


    The Hindu Group: Home | About Us | Copyright | Archives | Contacts | Subscription
    Group Sites: The Hindu | Business Line | The Sportstar | Frontline | The Hindu eBooks | The Hindu Images | Home |

    Copyright 2005, The Hindu. Republication or redissemination of the contents of this screen are expressly prohibited without the written consent of The Hindu