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Anthropological museum to have new additions

Special Correspondent

Mesolithic artefacts found at Panom forest will be added soon


Finds include spearhead with shouldering on a flake

Mesolithic industry found in parts of the State


THALASSERY: The Anthropological Heritage Museum attached to the Kannur University's Department of Anthropology on the university campus at Palayad will soon have another batch of archaeological finds explored by its former student.

A set of Mesolithic artefacts recently found by N.K. Ramesh, archaeological explorer, at Panom forest in Kozhikode will be transferred to the museum which has many archaeological collections of finds he discovered.

A former student of the Anthropology Department, he said the archaeological finds would be transferred to the museum soon. The archaeological exploration at the forest located 1500 ft above the sea level was undertaken with the guidance of P. Rajendran, University Grants Commission research scientist and archaeologist in the Department of History at Kerala University.

Mr. Ramesh said the finds included spearhead with shouldering on a flake, concave side scraper, blade, broken blade, unifacially flaked side scraper on a flake, side scraper on a flake which retains cortex opposite to the working edge.

The other finds include borer on a flake, convex scrapper on a flake and notched scraper. He said the spearhead with shouldering on a flake was a rare Mesolithic find.

When contacted, Dr. Rajendran, who saw the finds and classified them, told The Hindu over the phone that the exploration of finished tools, unfinished artefacts, base materials and raw materials at Panom forest suggested that they had been prepared at the very spot and it was a factory spot.

He said he had discovered Mesolithic industry from different parts of the State since 1974. He said Mesolithic evidence had been first discovered in the State by K.R.V. Todd in the 1930s.

Earlier, Mr. Ramesh discovered a pointed chopper-cum-scraper at Karai in the Karai river basin, one of the tributaries of the Kabani in Wayanad. Its dorsal surface retains the natural surface while the opposite side has flaked marks. During his earlier exploration, he had discovered a proto-hand axe from the Lower Palaeolithic period from Kattakandam near Puzhamula in Kozhikode district.

It was found from the high terrace of the Vanimal river, he said. He had also unearthed Palaeolithic implement at Cheerkkayam and Anakkayam in the Chythravahini river basin in the highland region of Kasaragod district.

He had also excavated several iron ingots at Manikovilakam, Karuvankandiyil and Kuitheri in Kozhikode district.

He said iron ingots were an evidence of iron extraction of the Megalithic or Iron Age. It was almost 67 per cent iron. He had also discovered cist burial, urn burial evidences of Megalithic period at Kuitheri in Kozhikode district.

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