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Krishna tribunal award places curbs on States

Gargi Parsai

NEW DELHI: The Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal-II in its final award, declared here on Thursday, placed certain restrictions on the three riparian States in keeping with the assessment of the yearly yield of the river waters at which the allocations were made.

The Tribunal allocated 1,001 tmc of Krishna waters to Andhra Pradesh, 911 tmc to Karnataka and 666 tmc to Maharashtra. In the KWDT-II award, the Tribunal decided to distribute the Krishna river waters yield on 65 per cent dependability which was assessed at 2293 tmc. In the KWDT-I the water yield was assessed at 75 per cent dependability yield assessed at 2173 tmc.

It also allowed Karnataka to raise the water-level in the Almatti dam from 524.256 mt from the current level of 519.6 mt. Karnataka shall release 8 tmc to 10 tmc water to Andhra Pradesh from the reservoir in the months of June and July as regulated releases.

While directing States to prepare 10 daily working tables and the Rule Curve to work out the utilisation of water allocation “strictly in accordance with the order,” the Tribunal said that Andhra Pradesh shall not utilise more than the 1,001 tmc allocated to it in an average year. This includes a further allocation of 9 tmc for Jurala Project, 25 tmc for the Telugu Ganga project and 150 tmc for the carryover storage in the Srisailam and Nagarjuna Sagar dams. These restrictions are inclusive of evaporation losses.

“So far as the remaining water is concerned, as may be available, that may also be utilised by Andhra Pradesh, subject to any part of it being stored/trapped in future and/or till the next review,” the order said.

The Tribunal said that Karnataka shall not utilise more than 360 tmc from K-8 Tungabhadra sub-basin in a 65 per cent dependable water year or in an average water year. This will include allocation of 40 tmc for Upper Tunga, Upper Bhadra and Singatalur projects.

The State shall not utilise more than 198 tmc in a 65 per cent dependable water year and not more than 303 tmc in an average water year from the Upper Krishna project, including allocation of 130 tmc for Upper Krishna Project State-III with the reservoir level of Almatti dam at 524.256 mt.

Karnataka shall not utilise more than 799 tmc in a 65 per cent dependable water year and not more than 904 tmc in an average water year.

The restrictions placed on Maharashtra said it shall not utilise more than 98 tmc in a 65 per cent dependable water year, including 3 tmc allocated for the Kukadi Complex and 123 tmc in an average water year from the Bhima sub-basin (K-5).

The State shall not divert more than 92.5 tmc, including that allowed by the KWDT-I and further 25 tmc allowed under KWDT-II, from the K-1 Upper Krishna sub-basin for the Koyna Hydel station for westward diversion in a 65 per cent dependable or average water year.

Maharashtra shall not utilise more than 628 tmc in a 65 per cent dependable year and not more than 663 tmc in an average water year.

The State has been restrained form diverting any water out of the basin, except from what has been allowed under the two awards.

The tribunal was headed by Justice Brijesh Kumar, with Justice D.K. Seth and Justice S.P. Srivastava as members.

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