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Monday, Feb 07, 2011
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NEW DELHI: Population enumeration, the second phase of Census 2011, which begins simultaneously across the country from February 9, will gather information under various heads such as demography, economic activity, literacy, cultural, housing and household amenities, urbanisation, migration, fertility, language, religion, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
As many as 240 million households will be visited in three weeks by about 2.5 million enumerators who will gather information on 29 counts.
“It is important that people participate in the enumeration exercise wholeheartedly. We are concerned about the indifference among urban elite class towards population enumeration. Similarly, slum dwellers and house owners often do not give complete information. It is not a simple headcount exercise, the dissemination of the collected data will contribute to framing of policy and development plans at all levels. Therefore, people should come forward and truthfully provide correct information. It will be kept strictly confidential and not divulged to anyone,” Registrar-General and Census Commissioner C. Chandramouli told The Hindu.
For the first time, the census will use bar code, and form number during enumeration. A new category “other” has been introduced under “sex” and a question on date of birth has been introduced. The format will also have separate codes for “separated” and “divorced” under “marital status.” Also included is a new question on Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes.
Census 2001 schedule carried one question on disability; this time around the categories being covered are: seeing, hearing, speech, movement, mental retardation, mental illness, any other and multiple disabilities. “The improved questions on disability have been framed after extensive consultations with the ministry concerned, experts and NGOs. A unique collaboration between the NGOs and the Census Commission has been initiated for sensitising officials and training has been given right from national to tehsil levels,” Dr. Chandramouli said.
The previous census had estimated the disabled population at 22 million — a 2.1 per cent of the total population. But the effort this time is to count the disabled without any omission or duplication so that scientific planning and allocation of resources can be done. Though the population enumeration will end on February 28, a revision round will be carried out from March 1 to March 5. “After collection of data, the processing and tabulation exercise will begin with latest technology using scanning stations. Accurate population count and the host of information will be of crucial help in policy-making by the government. Though omission rate in the 2001 Census was 2.3 per cent, we will further bring it down this time. Also, we will be able to disseminate the data within one to one-and-a-half years as against the earlier time of four to five years,” Dr. Chandramouli said.
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