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Chittoor a confluence of cultures

Staff Reporter

Number of non-Telugu speaking people is on a par with Telugu speaking people in the region


Apart from Telugu, other languages spoken here widely are Tamil and Kannada

Arts and literature related to all the three languages have flourished in the district



TIRUPATI: Chittoor perhaps is the only district in Andhra Pradesh where non-Telugu speaking populace number on a par with the Telugus, thanks to its contiguity to both Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

Dravidian University

The Satyavedu, Puttur, Nagari, Chittoor, Srikalahasti and Tirupati belts have a sizeable Tamilian population, while Kannada-speaking people inhabit the western areas broadly carved out of the Palamaner, Madanapalle and Punganur constituencies. Kuppam on the south-western corner, shares the border with both Tamil Nadu and Karnataka and is hence home to all the three languages in an even mix. It was precisely for this reason that Dravidian University was established here to promote the Dravidian languages, in addition to Malayalam and Tulu.

The district was carved out on April 1, 1911 as per the Pataskar award, by combining Chittoor, Palamaner and Chandragiri taluks of the erstwhile North Arcot district of Tamil Nadu, Madanapalle and Vayalpadu taluks of Kadapa district and the ex-Zamindari areas of Punganur, Srikalahasti, Puttur and Old Karvetinagar Estate.

Kangundi taluk (near Kuppam) of North Arcot and eight more villages of the erstwhile Mysore State were brought under Palamaner taluk in 1928. As part of the reorganisation of states on linguistic basis, a portion of Tiruthani taluk went to Chengalpat taluk of Tamil Nadu. On the other hand, Satyavedu and Ponneri in the then Tiruvallur Taluk of Chengalpat district, along with Puttur taluk, were merged with Chittoor. In fact, Chittoor was not only the first capital of North Arcot prior to reorganisation, but also the principal military base of the British.

Matrimonial preferences are also based on demographic inclinations. Going by the lingual and cultural dynamics, alliances in Madanapalle and Palamaner areas go in perfect sync with Chintamani, Chickballapur and Kolar areas of Karnataka, while Nagari, Satyavedu and Chittoor areas find alliances suitable in Tiruvallur and Vellore districts of Tamil Nadu.

The harvest festival Pongal is celebrated by cooking ‘Pongal' with the harvested rice and offering the freshly-cut sugarcane to god in south-eastern mandals, while the western mandals bordering Karnataka celebrate Dasara with great vigour. Even to this day, there are several State-run schools in the district, where the medium of instruction is Tamil.

Arts and literature pertaining to all the three languages flourished without any bad blood and the district is known for lingual harmony and tolerance.

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