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HINDI

Unity in diversity

HINDI KI SANSKRITI: Malik Mohammad; Published by Praveen Prakashan, New Delhi-110030. Rs. 250.

IN THE preface, the author has stated that the aim of writing this book is to dispel the misunderstandings commonly prevalent among Indians regarding Hindi and Urdu. People have the notion that Hindi is the language of the Hindus and Urdu that of the Muslims. In reality neither Hindi is the language of the Hindus, nor Urdu that of the Muslims alone.

In the chapter "Language and culture" he writes, "Language is the medium of communication and thinking which gives birth to society and culture. Language is an important part of culture, but not culture itself. Religion, philosophy, literature, arts, science, mode of leading life, customs and rites, social set up — all these are part of culture.

In the second chapter "Composite culture of India" he explains, that Indian culture in comparison to the world has its own special characteristics.

In the words of Dr. Rajendra Prasad, "The special characteristics of Indian culture are its unity in diversity, its respect for all religions, its feelings of world-brotherhood, its humility, its self-perseverance and capacity to regard all as family members."

This large-heartedness of Indians all through has influenced its neighbours. It took advantage of all those who came to India as invaders, traders, or preachers and in the long run they settled in India and became a part and parcel of India.

Muslim rulers and mystics too played their roles in developing this composite culture. People throughout India and all religions equally had a share in the development of Hindi and Urdu. The two languages played a very active part in achieving freedom.

M. Q. KHAN

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