EMSINTE SAMPOORNA KRITIKAL Volumes 34 and 35: E. K. Nayanar Editor; Chintha Publishers, P.B. No. 172, Deshabhimani Road, Thiruvananthapuram-695001. Rs. 150.
THE 34th and 35th volumes of the Complete Works of E. M. S. Namboodiripad contain some important documents of the period 1962-66 which have a bearing on the India-China war and the split in the Communist Party of India (CPI). The Left-wing Communists were under attack at the time for alleged pro-Beijing leanings. EMS responded by charging the other side with adopting an anti-Beijing position.
While calling for resolution of the border conflict between the two countries through talks, he laid stress on the reality that Aksai Chin was in China's possession and "Azad" Kashmir in Pakistan's hands. He also makes out a strong case for India and China to learn from each other's experience.
The writings on the ideological split in the Communist movement are characterised by polemical attacks on the "revisionists". The CPI comes in for severe criticism for its willingness to help the Congress against the Jana Sangh and the Swatantra Party.
A document of immense interest to students of the Communist movement is a 100-page note on the CPI programme, which was prepared by EMS at the height of the ideological conflict. It was submitted to the party's national council, but not taken up for discussion.
The Left-wing circulated it shortly before the seventh party congress, where the split finally took shape. In this document, EMS describes Indian society as an unusual mixture of caste, communal and tribal institutions and monopoly capitalism.
He argues that it is the duty of the proletariat and its party to bring together all the revolutionary and progressive forces to destroy the pre-capitalist elements and check the growth of monopoly capitalism.
In an article, EMS discusses the issue of national integration from the Marxist standpoint. In another he provides a detailed analysis of Kerala's unusual election experience in 1965. The poll had thrown up an assembly that was too fractured to permit the emergence of a government.
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B. R. P. BHASKAR
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