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Vast scope for veterinary science

All in a day's work. - Reuters

I am 22 years old and have just completed graduation in Commerce. I have the idea of pursuing MBA by distance mode. Will it add value to my career? — Yogesh, Davangere

Open and Distance Learning (ODL), Online Learning, E-Learning, are all buzzwords in the world of education today. The ODL schemata of things has helped the common man and professionals to acquire qualifications and move up the ladder.

The world's largest ODL University, the Indira Gandhi National Open University, accounts for almost 14 per cent of the learners under the ODL pattern in India alone. Many a University in India also has ODL programmes that cater to the needs and requirements of learners from different walks of life. It is clear that the facet of ODL is growing.

You can pursue MBA by Distance Mode from any of the good Universities that are catering to the programme. IGNOU will be a good option. The Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning, Pune also offers the two-year Post-Graduate Diploma in Business Management, which has become very popular with the corporate world.

If you want to pursue ODL pattern of education at the age of 22, it is a choice that you can avail of without any hesitation. But it is an established fact that those who are employed have always benefited from ODL. Hence, if you can make an effort to pursue regular/campus mode of education at least for the MBA, then you will be in a better position to get quality jobs.

The other alternative will be to aim for a good job and then pursue the coveted MBA through ODL, which will add value to your qualification. However, exercise caution while enrolling in the Universities, for there are many today who seem to make a fast buck.

Does Veterinary Science have any scope today? Where and how could I pursue this area of study? — Suryanarayan Kamath, Mangalore

Veterinary Science is an area of study that has enamoured many. In fact, many consider the option of becoming Veterinary Scientists because of the love for the discipline.

To practice as a veterinarian, it is essential to have a Bachelor's degree in Veterinary Science (B.V.Sc) and to be eligible for the Bachelor's in Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc and AH) course, a candidate should have passed the Standard 12 examination (Pre-University) with science subjects such as Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

The duration of the B.V.Sc and AH varies from four-and-a-half years to five years, including the period of internship. The first four years is devoted to imparting skills through theoretical and practical training in various disciplines such as anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, nutrition, livestock management and production, production technology, pathology, microbiology, pharmacology, genetics and breeding, gynaecology, surgery, medicine and animal husbandry extension, among others and the fifth year is devoted to hands-on training, of which six months is through internship. Besides this, training is also provided in dairying and poultry sciences.

On completion of the B.V.Sc and AH, most of the learners go on to pursue the post-graduate programme, viz., Master in Veterinary Science. The M.V.Sc is a two-year course and the candidate has the option of specialising in medicine, surgery, anatomy, bacteriology, biochemistry, cardiology, dermatology, microbiology, molecular biology, anaesthesia, gynaecology, pathology, toxicology, virology pharmacology, etc.

For jobs in the research and teaching areas, a post-graduate degree in veterinary science and animal husbandry is a minimum qualification, while a Ph.D. is preferred. The career options in the field are:

* Hospitals: Veterinary surgeons attached to veterinary hospitals in cities may also find themselves handling mainly domestic animals or pets. But Government postings could be in rural areas where responsibilities extend to cattle, sheep, goats, horses, poultry, etc.

* Private Practice: Veterinary doctors in urban areas can set up private practice to deal mainly with small or domestic animals. This can be quite profitable, especially in big cities, but tends to get restricted to canine and feline pets.

* Extension Offices: Veterinary doctors are required for extension programmes at the block level, i.e., they educate and encourage livestock farmers to build up the quality of animal stock. They also advise on animal farm management and animal health problems.

* Dairy Sector: The dairy industry employs a large number of veterinary doctors who work for increased yields in milk production and the health and breeding of dairy cattle.

* Poultry Farms: Veterinarians work in poultry farms to maintain the health of poultry birds and to develop strains with high egg productivity, as well as poultry for table consumption.

I passed B.E. (Civil) in 2003. I took GATE examination, but failed to get a good ranking. Now I want to take up teaching as a career. I do not have any experience. Please inform me about the career opportunities in this field. — Sushant, Bangalore

You should give the GATE examination another try, for you will be bettering your opportunities. Becoming a lecturer in a college should not be a problem, as you have close to 15 engineering colleges in Bangalore alone that offer Civil Engineering as an option for students. However, you will initially have opportunities to join the private unaided colleges.

After garnering the much-needed experience, you could get a job in the University, or even a Government aided college.

As a faculty member in a college, you will have lot of opportunities to contribute to research besides the day-to-day teaching, which will help you to broaden your horizon.

If you could establish a qualitative industry-academia interface, then you could seek more opportunities not only for yourself but also for your students. This may also help you to get a job in the corporate world. Read the Job Opportunities published every Wednesday in The Hindu, so that you could fulfil your ambitions.

Some time ago, you had answered a query pertaining to learning of Urdu (Distance Programme) from a Central University based in Hyderabad. However, I was not able to receive any information or material from the Urdu University that is located in Hyderabad.

— Ravi Sankar

The Maulana Azad National Urdu University (MANUU) ( is a Central University, headquartered at Hyderabad. MANUU offers campus and distance mode programmes.

It has a total of 89 study centres all over India. It also has five regional centres located at New Delhi, Bangalore, Patna, Bhopal and Dharbanga.

The notification for the Distance Education Programme to learn Urdu, which is nomenclatured as Proficiency in Urdu through English and Hindi, is due any time after April 10.

You could download the application from the website or contact the regional centres or even the study centres. The cost of the six-month course works out to Rs. 400. It has been well received by one and all.

Mail your questions relating to career opportunities, academic issues and handling stress to A panel of professional counsellors will answer them selectively.


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