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Q & A


Applied microbiology has several scientific applications in the research field.


Research oriented: A lab assistant checks bacteria samples in the microbiology department at Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong. Those qualified in microbiology can find a lot of job opportunities, including in multi-specialty hospitals abroad.

My brother is doing his final-year B.Sc. medical microbiology. He would like to pursue higher studies in microbiology or related disciplines. Please let us know about the higher study options in medical microbiology,

microbiology or related disciplines and the related career prospects.



Microbiology or medical microbiology as a frontier area of study and research assumes importance when we consider its contribution to the pharmaceutical and medical fields. Microbiologists are associated with the discovery of a range of products from antibiotics to insulin. Job openings are available in research and development in the medical, pharmaceutical and agricultural fields.

Microbiology can be divided into different categories such as medical microbiology, industrial microbiology, marine microbiology, agricultural microbiology and so on.

Higher study options

To become a microbiologist, scientific officer or a scientist, one should obtain a postgraduate degree and Ph.D.

Some universities offer microbiology at the postgraduate level and those who successfully complete the M.Sc. programme in microbiology or medical microbiology can go for M.Phil. or Ph.D. programmes. Doctoral degree is a must for a career in the research and development area.

Meritorious B.Sc. holders in medical microbiology, microbiology, botany, zoology, biochemistry, biophysics, biotechnology, chemistry and physics are eligible for admission to Master’s programmes.

In Kerala

In Kerala, Mahatma Gandhi University, Calicut University and Kannur University offer microbiology courses at the postgraduate level.

The School of Medical Education under Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, offers M.Sc. medical microbiology course (self-financing). Those who have passed four-year B.Sc. medical microbiology with at least 50 per cent marks are eligible for admission. For details, visit

The School of Bioscience, Mahatma Gandhi University, offers a two-year M.Sc. course in microbiology. B.Sc. holders in microbiology, botany, zoology, biochemistry, biophysics, biotechnology, chemistry and physics with at least 55 per cent marks in Part III are eligible for admission. Selection is based on an entrance test, marks in the qualifying examination and interview. (

The following affiliated colleges under Mahatma Gandhi University also offer M.Sc. microbiology.

•MES College, Marampally, North Vazhakulam, Aluva–683 107 (Phone: 0484–2677104)

•Mar Athanasius College, Kothamangalam, Ernakulam District–686 666 (Phone: 0485–2822378)

•Sree Sankara College, Kalady–683 574 (Phone: 0484–2462341)

•St. Xavier’s College for Women, Aluva–683 101 (Phone: 0484–2623240)

•MES College for Advanced Studies, Edathala North, Aluva (Phone: 0484–2839318)

•Indira College of Arts and Science, Kothamangalam (Phone: 0485–2851384)

•Kesari Arts and Science College, North Paravur (Phone: 0484–2440272)

•Marthoma College, Kuttapuzha, Thiruvalla (Phone: 0469–2630342)

•St. Mary’s College for Women, Paliakara, Thiruvalla (Phone: 0469–2606560)

Calicut University

•The School of Health Sciences under Calicut University offers M.Sc. medical microbiology

•The Department of Life Sciences, University of Calicut, University Campus, Thenhipalam, offers M.Sc. microbiology

The following colleges affiliated to Calicut University also offer M.Sc. microbiology.

•Farooke College, Feroke, Kozhikode (Phone: 0495–2440660)

•EMEA College of Arts and Science, Kondotty, Malappuram (Phone: 0483–2713530)

•St. Mary’s College, Thrissur (Phone: 0487–2333485)

Kannur University

Under Kannur University, the School of Life Sciences, Department of Microbiology, Thalassery Campus, Palayad, offers M.Sc. microbiology.

•The Department of Medical Microbiology, Thalassery, offers M.Sc. medical microbiology.

•Sir Syed Institute for Technical Studies, Talipparamba, offers M.Sc. microbiology.

•School of Health Sciences, Thalassery campus, offers M.Sc. medical microbiology.

For details, visit

Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Elamakkara, Kochi–682 026 ( or and Amrita School of Biotechnology, Amrithapuri, Clappana, Kollam, ( conduct three-year M.Sc. medical microbiology. Those who have passed B.Sc. microbiology, biotechnology, biochemistry or medical laboratory technology with first-class are eligible for admission.

Outside Kerala

The following universities outside Kerala provide microbiology-related courses.

•University of Madras, Chepauk, Chennai–600 005 offers M.Sc. industrial microbiology, M.Sc. medical microbiology and M.Sc. molecular biology. (

•Annamalai University, Annamalainagar–608 002 offers M.Sc. marine microbiology.

•Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli–620 024 offers M.Sc. microbiology. (

•Manonmanian Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli–627 012 offers M.Sc. microbiology. (self-financing).

•Gandhigram Rural University offers M.Sc. microbiology. (

•Madras Christian College, Tambaram, Chennai–600 059 offers M.Sc. applied microbiology. (

•Bangalore University, Bangalore–560 056 offers M.Sc. microbiology.

•Gulbarga University, Gulbarga–585106 offers M.Sc. microbiology.

•Mangalore University, Mangala Gangotri–574 199 offers M.Sc. microbiology.

•Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi–221 005 offers M.Sc. applied microbiology and M.Sc. molecular and human genetics.

•Nehru College, Coimbatore, offers M.Sc. microbiology. (

•Christian Medical College, Vellore–632 002 offers M.Sc. microbiology.

•St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore offers M.Sc. paramedical with microbiology specialisation.

•Dayananda Sagar Institutions, Bangalore–78 offers M.Sc. microbiology. (

•Madurai Kamaraj University, Palkalai Nagar, Madurai–625 021 offers M.Sc. microbial gene technology. (

•Pondicherry University, Puducherry, offers M.Sc. molecular biology. (

•Hindustan College of Arts and Sciences, Adayar, Chennai–600 020 offers M.Sc. applied microbiology. (

•VIT university, Vellore–632 014 offers M.Sc. applied microbiology and biomedical genetics.

•Karpagam University, Coimbatore–21 offers M.Sc. microbiology.

List of more universities offering M.Sc. course in microbiology or related disciplines can be had from the University Handbook published by the Association of Indian Universities (AIU), New Delhi, which is available for reference at the University Employment Information and Guidance Bureaux functioning at all universities in the State.

Applied microbiology

It is one among the sub-divisions of microbiology. Applied microbiology covers vast areas of study, including immunology, epidemiology, microbial metabolism, virology, pathogenic bacteriology, mycology, metabolism, industrial agricultural and medical biology. Applied microbiology has several scientific applications in the research field. Those who have a Bachelor’s degree in life sciences can opt for applied microbiology.

Other options

The Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, offers an integrated Ph.D. programme in biological sciences. First-class B.Sc. degree holders in biological sciences are eligible for admission. (

Some other related higher study options for meritorious graduates in microbiology are M.Sc. in biotechnology, bioinformatics, genetics, molecular biology and so on.

Those who qualify M.Sc. microbiology with good marks can go for M.Tech. programmes in biotechnology. Anna University, Chennai, and West Bengal University of Technology, Kolkata, offer the course. The Department of Biological Sciences and Bioengineering under the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, conducts an M.Tech. course in biological sciences and bioengineering.

Career prospects

Those who have obtained Master’s or higher qualifications in microbiology or allied subjects can find openings in research and development wings of pharmaceutical and biotech industries, including multinational companies; multi-specialty hospitals; food industries; chemical or cosmetic industries; and research organisations.

Postgraduates and doctoral degree holders may look for research-based positions, including that of scientific or research officers, microbiologists or analysts.


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