Online edition of India's National Newspaper

Interim Railway Budget - Lalu Prasad's speech
News Update

News
Front Page
National
States:
• Tamil Nadu
• Andhra
• Karnataka
• Kerala
• New Delhi
• Other States
International
Opinion
Business
Sport
Miscellaneous

Index

Specials
In Focus
Photo Gallery
Events 2008

Features:
Life
Magazine
Literary Review
Metro Plus Business
Education Plus
Open Page
Book Review
SciTech
Entertainment
Young World Property Plus Quest
Folio

Group Sites
The Hindu
Business Line
The Sportstar
Frontline
The Hindu eBooks

Home

On 13th February 2009

1. Mr. Speaker, Sir I rise to place before the House, the Revised Estimates for2008-09 and the estimated receipts and expenditure for 2009-10 for the Indian Railways.The estimates for 2009-10 are for the whole year, but, at present I seek from theaugust House, a vote on account, sufficient to cover the estimated expenditure for the firstfour months of the fiscal. The requirements for the remaining part of the year are to be votedseparately, later on.

2. Speaker sir,

Shukriya se main shuroo karta hoon apni bat aaj,Sath lekar main chala hoon desh, duniya aur samaj,Main chukata he rahoonga desh ki mitti ka karj,Rashtra sewa reet meri aur yahi mera rivaj.

3. I have great pride that, in its journey of service to the nation, the Indian Railwayshave reached an important milestone. Being an integral part of this journey for the last fiveyears, I can proudly say that Indian Railways scaled a new pinnacle every year and nowstand at the zenith of success from where, without imposing any burden on the commonman, the railways are set to establish the historic landmark of earning a cash surplusbefore dividend of more than Rs 90,000 cr, in five years. The same Railways which faceda paucity of funds for replacement of over aged assets in 2001 and which had to deferpayment of Rs. 2,800 cr as dividend to General Revenues, have now surprised the wholeworld with a historic financial turnaround. Sir, the year 2008 witnessed a financialturmoil and worldwide recession making it difficult for even Fortune 500 companies toraise debt from the international markets. This august House would be pleasantlysurprised to know, that even in such adverse times, the Indian Railway FinanceCorporation, in November 2008, has successfully raised a 10 cr dollar loan, equivalent toRs 500 cr, at a rate of only 4 percent, from the international market.

4. Sir, the transformation of the Railways is fundamentally different from thefinancial turnaround witnessed in private sector companies. While private companiesresort to anti-people measures like increase in prices, retrenchment of employees andlockouts, Railways have kept the human aspect as the central focus and achieved anextraordinary feat without putting any extra burden on the common man or theemployees. In the last five years the Railways have stepped up the annual growth rate offreight loading from an average of 3 percent during the decade of 90’s to an average of 8percent. The declining trend of railways share in transportation of steel and cement,witnessed during the past several years has also been arrested as the Railways increasedtheir share in transportation of these commodities, over the last five years. Thistransformation has been possible through the significant improvement in productivity ofrailway assets and efficient working by railway employees.

Sir,

Karigari ka aisa tareeka bata diya,Ghate ka job hi daur tha beeta bana diya,Bharat ki rail vishwa me is tarah ki buland,Hathi ko chust kar diya cheeta bana diya.

5. To make true the dream of financial turnaround, the entire Railway family workedas a team, with out of the box thinking, adapting themselves in tune with customerrequirements and bravely faced the ever arising new challenges. This has earned theRailways and its personnel the respect of the entire nation which has in turn imbuedrailway employees with renewed motivation and a rising morale. The benefits of thisturnaround have accrued not only to the Railways and railway employees but also to thepeople of the country. Railways are adopting modern technologies and forming strongalliances, to provide better facilities to their customers. In the last five years there hasalso been a significant improvement in Railway safety and a steep reduction in thenumber of railway accidents. The number of consequential accidents came down to 194 in2007-08, as against 325 in 2003-04. I am happy to report to the House that this decliningtrend is continuing in 2008-09 also. The number of consequential train accidents duringApril to November in the current year decreased to 117 as compared to 138 during thecorresponding period of the previous year.

6. Railways have now fully internalized the fact that mere reduction in passengerfares and freight tariff alone cannot ensure success in a competitive market. The only oneformula for success is to render better services than your competitor in giving yourcustomers full satisfaction and winning over their hearts. This is to be done, not for anysingle day, but day after day and year after year. The organization is the same but there isa paradigm shift in its strategy and thinking. The Railways are increasingly becomingmore outward looking and customer centric. Today passengers are reserving ticketsthrough the internet from their homes. Apart from this, the facility to reserve tickets isavailable at ATMs, petrol pumps and post offices. Earlier passengers used to faceconsiderable difficulty in getting information about train services. However, today thisinformation can be obtained from any corner of the country. This has been made possiblethrough the ‘139 Train Enquiry Service’, which is available 24 hours a day in 11 different languages. Four call centers have been set up in four corners of the country. Thesefacilitate availability of instantaneous information on train arrival-departure, reservationstatus etc. Presently more than 5 lakh passengers are daily availing this facility.

7. Introduction of the fully air conditioned Garib Raths and the free passengerupgrade facility from lower classes to vacant air conditioned upper classes has enabledlakhs of people to enjoy the comfort of traveling in air conditioned class for the first timein their lives. A number of improvements like better cleanliness in trains and stations,provision of cushioned seats in place of wooden seats in coaches of ordinary class andincrease in the height of the platform at smaller stations have been initiated. In additionplatform shelters are being constructed at smaller stations for protection against cold, heatand rain.

8. Heavy investments will have to be made for enhancing capacity of rolling stock,technical upgradation and advancement in technology to achieve the ambitious targets setfor passenger and freight business segments, in the 11th Five Year Plan. ThereforeRailways have deployed their investible surplus of nearly Rs 70,000 cr earned between2004-05 to 2008-09 to increase its productivity. Railways will invest Rs.2,30,000 crunder the 11th Five Year Plan, which is almost three times the amount allocated in the10th Five Year Plan. The objective is to increase the transport capacity of the Railwaysand to reduce the unit cost of operations. Railways investment outlays have been steppedup from Rs 13,394 cr in 2003-04 to Rs. 36,773 cr in 2008-09. Railways would becompleting the work of 4900 kms of gauge conversion, 1800 kms of doubling and laying1100 kms of new lines, over five years.

9. I am happy to inform the House that in the current year, Agartala, the capital of theNorth Eastern State of Tripura, has been connected by railway line, which marks the firstrail connection to another state capital of a North-eastern state since Independence. Thedream of bringing rail services to the Kashmir Valley has also been realized with the startof train services between Anantnag and Rajwansher. The service up to Baramula will beextended in the next few days and up to Qazigund in the next four months. Gaugeconversion works of Rewari-Ringus-Phulera and Darbhanga-Sitamarhi have also beencompleted. The new lines Sakri-Biraul, Moranhat- Dibrugarh, Hathua-Bathua Bazar andPuntamba-Shirdi have also been completed. Significant progress has been made in thefield of railway electrification. As against 504 route km completed in 2003-04 the targetfor 2008-09 is set at 1000 route km. Sir, Railways have conducted successful trials ofrunning electric locomotives with over head equipment at a height of about 7.5 meters.This will enable running of double stack containers on the electrified Western DedicatedFreight corridor.

10. Similarly, the production of wagons during this period is targeted to increase from6,600 per annum to nearly 15,000 (vehicle units) and diesel and electric locomotivesfrom 202 to about 480. More importantly, through modernization of the network andtechnological upgradation of rolling stock, the capacity of the newly constructed trackand rolling stock has increased significantly. Production of covered and open wagons ofnew design has since commenced. This will result in a 78 percent increase in capacity ofgoods rakes comprising of new design covered wagons as compared with the old stock.These trains can now carry a load of 4100 tonnes compared with the earlier load of 2300tonnes. The capacity of the freight trains comprising of open wagons with new designwill also be 22 per cent more than before. Similarly, the capacity of passenger trains hasalso been increased.

Har shikhar ko paar karte nit nayee manjil ki or,Pragati ka kafla badhne laga hai charon or,Rah ka har shakhs ko lekar chale hain sath hum,Ek naye andaj se phir ek nayee manjil ki or.Performance Review of 2007-08

11. Sir, I would now like to present in brief the operating results for the previous fiscal2007-08. Registering a growth of 9 percent, Railways loaded 794 million tonnes, whichwas 66 million tonnes more than the loading in 2006-07. Freight and passenger earningsgrew at 14 and 15 percent respectively. Total traffic earnings also increased by 15 percentto reach Rs 71,645 cr. The cash surplus before dividend increased from the 2006-07 levelof Rs 20,338 cr to Rs 25,006 cr. The plan expenditure increased to Rs 28,980 crcompared with Rs 25,002 cr in 2006-07.

Revised Estimates 2008-09

12. Speaker Sir, the Railways registered an excellent performance in freight loadingand earnings till the end of September 2008. During this period, freight loading andearnings registered a growth of 9 percent and 19 percent respectively. Similarly, thepassenger earnings increased by 14 percent. However, in October and November, thegrowth in freight loading was adversely impacted by the recession in the internationalmarkets. There was a steep reduction in iron ore for export and container traffic. Thegrowth rate of steel traffic also reflected a decrease. This resulted in a decrease in freightloading and freight earnings in the months of October and November. Sir, the situation inDecember and January indicates some improvement and we are not only hopeful butconfident that the budget targets for passenger and goods earnings set for this fiscal willbe surpassed. Freight earnings increased to Rs. 38,093 cr, by the end of December’08,registering a growth of 14 percent. Based on the present trend we have increased thetarget for goods earnings for 2008-09 by Rs. 1,593 cr. Similarly, the earnings frompassenger traffic increased by nearly 12 percent up to December which is about threepercent more than the budgeted target. Accordingly, the revised estimates for freightearnings have been kept at Rs. 54,293 cr, passenger earnings at Rs. 22,330 cr, sundryearnings at Rs. 3,250 cr, other coaching earnings at Rs. 2,420 cr and Gross TrafficReceipts at Rs. 82,393 cr.

13. Sir, the honourable members would recall that after implementation of therecommendations of the fifth Pay Commission, the financial position of the railwaysdeteriorated rapidly and they defaulted in payment of Rs 2,800 cr as dividend in 2001 and2002. I am proud that this time, due to its strong financial position, the Railways haveimplemented the sixth Pay Commission recommendations with relative ease, benefitingabout 14 lakh railway employees and 11 lakh pensioners , without defaulting on paymentof dividend. In anticipation of the recommendations of the 6th Pay Commission, we hadmade an ad hoc provision of Rs. 4,000 cr in Ordinary Working Expenses and Rs. 1,000 crin the Pension Fund. However, based on the revised estimates received so far, it isexpected that in the current fiscal, expenditure on this account will be substantially higherat Rs.9,000 cr for salaries of Railway employees and Rs. 4,500 cr more for pension. Inkeeping with the increased demand, the Revised Estimates of Ordinary WorkingExpenses have been kept at Rs. 55,000 cr and the appropriation to Pension Fund at Rs.10,500 cr. The appropriation to DRF is Rs. 7,000 cr. With this, the total WorkingExpenses are likely to be Rs. 72,500 cr. Cash surplus before dividend is likely to beRs.19,320 cr. The operating ratio of the Railways is projected at 88 percent. The revisedAnnual Plan outlay for 2008-09 is proposed at Rs. 36,773 cr.

Budget Estimates for 2009-10

14. Sir, now I will touch upon the Budget Estimates for 2009-10.

15. The Budget Estimates for goods earnings, passenger earnings, sundry otherearnings and other coaching earnings have been kept at Rs. 59,059 cr, 25,000 cr, Rs.6,000 cr and Rs. 3,000 cr respectively in 2009-10. The Gross Traffic Receipts have beenprojected at Rs . 93,159 cr, exceeding the Revised Estimates for the current year by Rs10,766 cr.

16. Sir, the Ordinary Working Expenses have been kept at Rs. 62,900 cr in 2009-10which are Rs. 7,900 cr more than the Revised Estimates for 2008-09. This is mainly dueto payment of 60 percent of the arrears to the staff in view of the recommendations of theSixth Pay Commission. The total Working Expenses are estimated at Rs 83,600 cr. Thecash surplus before dividend is expected to be Rs 18,847 cr and the operating ratio 89.9percent. Dividend payable to the General Revenues for 2009-10, is estimated at Rs. 5,304cr based on the current applicable rate.

Annual Plan 2009-10

17. Sir, the Annual Plan for 2009-10 envisages investment of Rs. 37,905 cr. Thebudgetary support from the General Revenue has been proposed at Rs. 9,600 cr excludingRs. 1,200 cr to be received from Central Road Fund. The Internal and Extra BudgetaryResource component would, accordingly, comprise 72 percent of the Annual Plan.

18. It gives me immense pleasure to inform the House that the work of construction ofthe double line Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor has commenced from near Dehri-on-Son on 10th February 2009. Work on construction of the Western Dedicated FreightCorridor will also start in this month.

19. Sir, I have seen the passenger trains travelling at speeds of 300 to 350 km perhour in Japan, Germany and France. In the 2007-08 Budget, I had announced that basedon requirement, pre-feasibility studies would be undertaken for running bullet trains invarious regions of the country. Action is on for examining feasibility of running bullettrains between Delhi – Amritsar, Ahmedabad- Mumbai- Pune, Hyderabad- Vijaywada-Chennai, Chennai- Bangalore- Ernakulam and Howrah –Haldia. Sir, I am happy toinform the honourable members that action will soon be started for conducting a prefeasibilitystudy to run bullet trains between Delhi- Patna.

20. The work of construction of Rail Wheel Factory at Chhapra is going on in rightearnest. Efforts are being made to start work on Diesel and Electric Locomotive Factoriesat Marhoura and Madhepura, in this month.

21. Sir, the wagon factories of Bharat Wagon Limited located at Mokama andMuzaffarpur have been transferred to Ministry of Railways. In view of the specialrequest of local public representatives, the matter of transfer of the wagon units of BurnStandard located at Burnpur and Howrah, to Ministry of Railways, in the same manneras Mokama and Muzaffarpur, would be discussed, for further action with the concernedMinistries.

22. The surveys for construction of new line from Jhargram to Purulia and the newline for extension of Kolkata Metro, from Dum Dum to Dakshineshwar have beencompleted. The West Bengal government has also given its consent to contribute fiftypercent of the cost for extension of the Kolkata Metro. Further action is being taken forobtaining necessary approvals for these projects.

23. With a view to facilitate smooth flow of rail traffic, construction of ROB/RUBson fifty-fifty cost sharing basis, at Palej, Panoli, Kosamba and Kim in the districts ofSurat and Bharuch in Gujarat, Roshanara Garden and Sultanpuri in Delhi Area,Shastrinagar and Model Town of Ludhiana in Punjab and Vasarpadi in Tamil Nadu willbe considered on priority.

24. With a view to facilitate improved train operations I have taken the administrativedecision to set up two new railway divisions at Bhagalpur and Thawe.

Surveys

25. Based on demands the following surveys are proposed to be taken up:-

New Lines

1. Ringus - Didwana via Khatu Shyamji2. Islampur – Manpur via Khijar Sarai/Sarbhada3. Bakulha- Belthara Road4. Bihariganj – Forbesganj via Muraliganj, Kumarkhand, Chhatapur5. Piduguralla – Narasaraopet6. Madhepura -Virpur via Singheshwar, Pipra, Triveniganj7. Botad – Jasdan via Gondal8. Bihariganj – Naugachia via Udakishunganj, Puraini, Chausa9. Samdari – Phalodi10. Burhwal – Bahraich11. Areraj – Narkatiaganj via Lauria12. Lalganj – Faizabad via Akbarganj, Maharajganj and Rae Bareilly13. Parasnath – Madhuban14. Dheng – Sonbarsa via Majorganj, Kanhauli

Gauge Conversion

1. Khijadia – Amreli – Junagarh2. Champaner – Pani Mines3. Chhuchhapura –Tankhala with extention to RajpiplaDoubling1. Hospet – Swamihalli2. Tornagallu – Ranjitpura3. Bandikui – Alwar4. Ajmer – Palanpur5. Tinpahar – Bhagalpur6. Anand Vihar – Tilak Bridge 3rd & 4th line7. Dangoaposi – Pandrasali 3rd line8. Katwa – Farakka

Passenger Services

26. Sir, in light of the demands expressed by passengers, I propose to introduce thefollowing services:-

New Trains

1. Bilaspur - Tirunelveli via Thiruvanathpuram Express (Weekly)2. Ranchi -Jaynagar Express (Tri-weekly)3 Secunderabad – Manuguru Superfast (Daily)4. Mumbai - Karwar Superfast (Tri-weekly)5. Bhopal - Lucknow Junction Garib Rath Express (Weekly)6. Durg - Jaipur Express (Weekly)7. Chhatrapati Sahu terminal(Kolhapur)–Dhanbad Link Service via Parasnath (Weekly)8. Sengottai - Erode Passenger (Daily)9. Dibrugarh Town - Chandigarh Express (Weekly)10. Ajmer - Bhagalpur via Delhi Garib Rath Express (Bi-weekly)11. Nizamuddin – Bangalore via Kacheguda Rajdhani Express (Tri-weekly)12. Barauni - Delhi Jan Sadharan Superfast (Bi-weekly)13. Mumbai – Varanasi Superfast (Daily)14. Mysore -Yesvantpur Express (Daily)15. Jamalpur – Gaya Passenger16. Koraput – Rourkela Express via Rayagada (Daily)17. Agra - Ajmer Superfast (Daily)18. Sitamarhi – Patna Link Service (Daily)19. Tiruchchirapalli - Madurai Express (Daily)20. Mumbai - Bikaner Superfast (Bi-weekly)21. Jaynagar – Ajmer Link Service (Bi-weekly)22. Agra - Lucknow Junction Shatabdi Express (Daily)23. Gandhidham - Kolkata Superfast (Weekly)24. New Delhi – Guwahati Rajdhani Express via Bhagalpur (Weekly)25. Mumbai - Tirunelvelli Superfast via Thiruvanathpuram (Bi-weekly)26. Jammu Tawi – Darbhanga Garib Rath Express (Weekly)27. Saharsa – Delhi via Express Patna (Weekly)28. Gwalior - Bhopal Intercity Express via Guna (5 days a week)29. Coimbatore -Tuticorin Link Service (Daily)30. Howrah -Haridwar Superfast (5 days a week)31. Machhalipatnam – Mumbai Superfast (Bi-weekly)32. Varanasi - Jammu Tawi Superfast (Daily)33. Gorakhpur - Mumbai Superfast (Daily)34. Jhajha – Patna MEMU35. New Delhi – Palwal MEMU36. New Delhi – Guwahati Rajdhani Express via Muzaffarpur (Weekly)37. Veraval – Mumbai Link service (Daily)38. Ranchi –Patna Jan Shatabdi (Daily)39. Jhansi – Chhindwara Superfast (Bi-weekly)40. Mumbai – Jodhpur Express (Weekly)41. Hajipur – Bagaha Link Service42. Howrah – Delhi Link Service via Azimganj- Bhagalpur (Weekly)43. Sitamarhi –Delhi Garib Rath Express via Patna (Weekly)

Extension of Trains

27. I am extremely happy to propose the extension in services of the following trains:-

1. 5761/5762 Ranchi – Alipurduar Express to Guwahati2. 9269/9270 Porbandar – Bapudham Motihari Express to Muzaffapur3. 1471/1472 Jabalpur – Bhopal Express to Laxmibai Nagar, Indore4. 6865/6866 Ernakulam – Tiruchchirapalli Express to Nagore5. 3155/3156 Kolkata – Darbhanga Mithilanchal Express to Sitamarhi6. 2175/2176 Howrah – Gwalior Chambal Express to Mathura7. 2177/2178 Howrah – Agra Cantt Chambal Express to Mathura8. 6507/6508 Jodhpur – Bangalore Express to Coimbatore9. 2187/2188 Jabalpur – Mumbai Garib Rath Express to Allahabad10. 2927/2928 Mumbai – Vadodara Express to Chhotaudepur11. 541/542 Patna – Darbhanga Kamlaganga Fast Passenger to Biraul12. 3113/3114 Kolkata – Murshidabad Hazar Duari Express to Lalgola13. 2909/2910 Mumbai – Jaipur Garib Rath Express to Delhi14. 2143/2144 Nagpur–Gaya Dikshabhoomi Parasnath Express to Dhanbad via Parasnath

Increase in Frequency

28. The honorable members would be pleased to know that it is proposed toincrease the frequency of the following train services:-

1. 2423/2424 New Delhi – Guwahati/Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express from 5 days to6 days2. 2443/2444 Bhubaneshwar – New Delhi Rajdhani Express from 2 days to 4days3. 2395/2396 Ajmer – Rajendra Nagar Ziyarat Express from weekly to Biweekly4. 2211/2212 Nizamuddin – Bapudham Motihari Garib Rath from weekly to Biweekly5. 2183/2184 Bhopal – Lucknow Junction Express from Bi-weekly to Triweekly6. 7091/7092 Secunderabad – Patna Express from Bi-weekly to Daily7. 2739/2740 Secunderabad – Vishakhapatnam Garib Rath Express from 4 days toDaily8. 2111/2112 Amravati – Mumbai Amravati Express from Tri-weekly toDaily9. 2149/2150 Pune – Patna Express from 4 days a week to Daily10. 2957/2958 Ahmedabad – New Delhi Rajdhani Express from 6 days toDaily11. 2947/2948 Ahmedabad–Patna Azimabad Express from Bi-weekly to Triweekly12. 2887/2888 Puri – Howrah Express from weekly to Bi-weekly13. 2487/2488 Jogbani – Delhi Seemanchal Express from 5 days to 6 days aweek14 2823/2824 Nizammudin-Durg Chattisgarh Sampark Kranti from 2 days to 3days a week

29. The local MEMU trains traveling between Gaya - Patna, Jhajha - Patna, Buxar -Patna, Mughalsarai - Patna, Ara - Patna and Mokama - Danapur are heavily crowded.Presently most of the MEMU rakes are of 12 coaches. Only 6 services out of 18 have16 coaches. It has, therefore, been decided to provide 16 coaches for all these 18MEMU services on these routes by the end of March-April 2009. This will providecomfort to passengers traveling by local trains.

30. Sir, whereas, earlier at the time of the Railway Budget, people used to beapprehensive about the possible increase in passenger fares, now, on the other hand onthe eve of my budget, people appear not only hopeful but sanguine about the likelyreduction in passenger fares. Respecting the wishes of crores of people, for the fourthconsecutive time, I have decided to reduce the passenger fares, for non sub-urbanmail/express and ordinary passenger trains by one more rupee for fares costing up torupees fifty per passenger. With this there has been a historic reduction in thepassenger fares for non sub-urban second classes continuously over the last four years, byrupees four per passenger.

Is tarah seva ka ye farj nibhaya humne,Desh majboot kiya aur munafa bhi kamaya humne,Aam janata ki suvidha ka rakha pura khyal,Har ek budget mein yatri kiraya ghataya humne.

Sir, since the fare for rail travel for 10 km and below has already been reduced from fourrupees to one rupee, therefore, this reduction will not be applicable for second class railjourney up to 10 km.

31. Sir, last year I had decided to reduce the second class fares of all mail/express andordinary passenger trains by 5 percent for the ticket costing more than rupees fifty perpassenger. Respecting the aspirations of the long distance passengers, I have decided thisyear to reduce the second class and sleeper class fares of all mail/ express and ordinarypassenger trains by 2 percent for the ticket costing more than rupees fifty per passenger.

32. Sir, during the last four years I have reduced the fares of AC First Class by 28percent and AC two tier by 20 percent. Railways have been greatly benefited by the heavyreduction in passenger fares of these classes. Even as air travel is reportedly reflectingreduction in number of passengers due to economic recession, there has been a significantincrease in the number of passengers of these classes on the railways. Therefore, I havedecided to reduce the fares of AC first class, AC 2 tier, AC 3 tier and AC Chair Car by 2percent.

Conclusion

33. Sir, it is matter of great honour for me to work under the dynamic leadership of theHon’ble Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh and as the head of the Railway family I canproudly say that the railways are now positioned on a rock solid foundation, more firm thanever, in their resolve to keep ascending new heights. In the end, I would like to express mygratitude to the august House for their continuous encouragement and support to theRailways. I am not only hopeful but am fully confident that, as in the past, this augustHouse and the people of this country, will continue to extend their utmost affection andsupport to the Railways.

Koshish ka meri aapne mujhko diya sila,Ye martaba buland mujhe aapse mila,Wada hai mera tum se ai mere humsafer,Jari rahega kal bhi tarakki ka silsila.

34. Sir, with this I commend the Interim Railway Budget to the House.



Send: Comments to: thehindu@vsnl.com
Letters to the Editor to: letters@thehindu.co.in with full postal address


Features: Life | Magazine | Literary Review | Metro Plus | Open Page | Education Plus | Book Review | Business | SciTech | Entertainment | Young World | Property Plus |

The Hindu Group: Home | About Us | Copyright | Archives | Contacts | Subscription
Group Sites: The Hindu | Business Line | The Sportstar | Frontline | The Hindu eBooks | Home |

Copyright © 2009, The Hindu. Republication or redissemination of the contents of this screen are expressly prohibited without the written consent of The Hindu