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FACT FILE

Know your pahani

N.C.S. RAGHAVAN
ARVIND RAGHAVAN

It is the fundamental revenue record for agricultural land.



CRUCIAL DOCUMENT: Check every detail of the entries in your RTC

An RTC (also known as Pahani) is the fundamental revenue record maintained by the Revenue Department with respect to agricultural land. RTC means Record of Tenancy and Crops. It is also referred to as "Patta" in the neighbouring States.

Given below is the specimen of an RTC as issued in Form No.16 under the Karnataka Land Revenue Rules, 1966. A brief note on the contents of some of the main columns of the RTC is also mentioned below to give basic education to the reader.

The main points to be noted in the Pahani are:

The heading which reflects the village, hobli and taluk in which the land is situated.

Column No. 1 which reflects the survey number of the property.

Column No. 2 which reflects the sub-survey number of the property.

Column No. 3 which reflects the total area of the property, the Kharab comprised therein and the net cultivable area.

(The Kharab area is classified as `A' kharab or `B' kharab. The former refers to land which can be converted on payment of a fine and utilised alongwith the balance area converted, whereas the latter cannot be converted under any circumstances).

Column No. 4 which reflects the details of the tax payable per acre on the property.

Column No. 5 reflects type of soil e.g., black soil, red soil, etc.

Column No. 6 titled patta which reflects whether the property is grant land still under the period of non-alienation (depicted as Inaniti) or freely alienable land (depicted as Sarkari).

Column No. 9 reflects the name of present owner along with that of his/her father or husband and the khatha number allotted by the village panchayat to the survey number.

Column No. 10 reflects the mode of acquisition of the property and depicts the Mutation Register numbers in the case of property acquired by the person through sale deeds, gift deeds etc., and IHR numbers in the case of property inherited by a person.

Column No. 11 reflects charges created on the property by way of mortgage.

Column No. 12 reflects the year for which the pahani is issued and the name of the cultivator relating to that year.

Column No. 13 gives the details of the utilisation of land and the crops grown on the aforesaid land with the area of cultivation allotted to each crop and the source of water.

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