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Dated 13 August, 2003

What are the career prospects for MSc in ecology and environment?


An MSc in the mentioned subject equips students with a solid grounding in ecological techniques, a good grasp of methods of analysis and identification techniques and an awareness of the broad implications of their study, as well as specialist knowledge in their chosen subject areas. Employment prospects exist with environmental bodies, civil services, consultancies and local authorities as trainee environmental health officers. One may go on to do research or train to be teachers.

I wish to undertake Decision Sciences at the Masters level. Can you please tell me the prospects of the course?

Via email

On completion of DSgraduatesfind employment as operational research/management science /decision scienceanalysts, academicians or managers. Higher education and work in OR/MS/DS/SS can lead to a senior executive's post where decisions are made. Career opportunities in the following areas of business are excellent: Manufacturing, Insurance, Planning, Systems analysis, Marketing, Budgeting, Finance, Program evaluation, Banking, and Services (non-profit).

How does one obtain a student visa to UK? What is the visa processing procedure for students?


Candidates from visa-national countries must apply for a student visa at the British Embassy/Consulate/High Commission in their home country.

You can obtain a British Education Entry Visa by enrolling at a British university or college and obtaining a letter of confirmation stating that you are an enrolled student awaiting an entry visa. The processing fee for an Education Entry Visa application is approximately 175 pounds (British sterling).

What does manufacturing engineering deal with and what are itsprospects?


Manufacturing engineers try to find the best methods to produce and manufacture goods. Together, these engineers influence significantly our work, home, and school environments, and other aspects of life such as transport systems.

They may work as supervisors and technical specialists in manufacturing systems design and development, precision engineering, and process design and development. Reasonably good opportunities for career advancement to managerial positions exist for manufacturing engineering technologists.

What are the job prospects after qualifying through the NCFM (National Certification in Financial Markets) examination conducted by the National Stock Exchange?

Via email

Once you complete the course you can make an entry into the stock market as a trainee. After you gain experience you can get involved in four main careers involved with stock exchange proceedings depending on your interest:

1. The Market Maker - these are the market's wholesale dealers who buy and sell stocks and shares in their own account to make a profit. They are in competition with each other to set up deals with stockbrokers.

2. The Stockbroker - buys securities from, and sells to market makers on behalf of investors. They may also advise investors how to get the best out of their investments. The investors may be private individuals or large institutional investors such as banks, insurance companies, pension funds, unit trusts and trade unions.

3. Investment Analysts - provide investors and stockbrokers with information to help them decide which securities to invest in. The work tends to fall into two categories, stock broking analysts and institutional analysts. The former analyse individual companies and the latter look at broad sectors of the economy, making recommendations as to which sector or industry to invest in rather than which company. Stock broking analysts work for stock broking firms while institutional analysts work for institutional investors such as banks and pension funds.

4. The Stock Exchange - itself as a central administrative and regulatory body, employs staff. From accountants and lawyers to clerks and telephonists are employed.

What are the career prospects for a Certified Public Accountant?


The CPA Institute is recognised as a body of auditors and the members are engaged in public practice, providing auditing, accounting, taxation, investment and insolvency services to their clients.

Financial controller, financial director, management accountant - these are just a few of the positions held by CPAs working in industry. CPAs play a pivotal role within the management team shaping the future of the business.

In financial services the opportunities available to CPAs have expanded enormously. Strong demand exists for the skills possessed by CPAs and many are in careers in fund management, treasury, banking, insurance and stock broking.

Consultancy - They offer consultancy services on a range of issues including information systems, taxation, human resources and strategic management.

Public Sector - Working within the Public Sector, the CPA qualification will be of relevance. CPAs work within government and semi-state agencies, including the Revenue Commissioners, Comptroller and Auditor General's Office, Central Bank, Local Government and the Department of Finance.

Information Technology - One of the most successful skill combinations in business today is accountancy and information technology. Versed in both of these areas, CPAs can successfully pursue careers within IT based industries.

The FAQ column deals with career concerns addressed to The C&K Management Ltd, PO Box 2178, Secunderabad 500003 or emailed to

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