Solely for science
Formed in 1917, the Bose Institute in Kolkata is a fitting reminder of the work of Sir J.C. Bose, writes NEHA PRASAD.
First of its kind ... the Bose Institute in Kolkata.
ON March 29, 1904, Sir J.C. Bose accomplished the enviable a U.S. patent on the first semi-conductor the world saw. In his application of September 30, 1901, Bose explained, "... With a glass lens, the instrument will detect and record lights not only some way beyond the violet, but also in the regions of infra-red in the invisible regions of electric radiation. We may thus style this apparatus a `tejometer' ... or universal radiometer."
To celebrate the centenary of Sir J.C. Bose's patent on the "Detector for Electrical Disturbance" the discovery of lead sulphide (Galena) as the most efficient wideband semiconductor diode the Bose Institute held a symposium this year where eminent names in science participated. Among them were Prof. M.G.K. Menon, Prof. V.S. Ramamurthy, S. Krishnan, V.A. Sheperd from University of New South Wales, R.K. Mitra from AIIMS, K. Shelgfel from Lindau, Germany.
The Bose Institute was the first of its kind to be started by an Indian (Sir J.C. Bose) in 1917 to further scientific knowledge. With its competent and seasoned workforce and diverse departments like Microbiology, Biochemistry and Biophysics, the institute has carved out a niche of its own in the scientific community. It also encompasses research sections dealing exclusively with Plant Molecular and Cellular Genetics, Animal Physiology, Immunotechnology and Environment Science. In 1988, the Bioinformatics Centre was formed to research genetic engineering and molecular remodelling.
The library provides state-of-the-art infrastructure to aid everyday research and development. Sophisticated analytical instrumentation facilities make available a range of unique apparatus to researchers. Additional service units such as the Central Instrumentation Facility, Distributed Information Centres and scientific workshops help knit together the Institute's comprehensive web of facilities.
The Institute plans to establish Centres of Excellence in Bioinformatics, Plant Molecular and Structural Biology, Myobacterium Research and Astro-particle Physics and Space Sciences along with a National Facility in Genomics and Proteomics hoping to extend the limits of scientific knowledge in keeping with the traditions of Sir J.C. Bose.
He envisaged the Institution to be "not merely a laboratory but a temple". Eighty-seven years ago, he set twin ideals for the institution to follow advancement of knowledge and comprehensive diffusion of the fruits of its labour. "We are proud inheritors of his immeasurable scientific vision and foresight," says Prof. M. Siddiqi, Director, Bose Institute.
Bose is famous for revolutionising the world of wireless communication. Within six years, he had done away with the cumbersome, inaccurate laboratory equipment of the 1890s and ushered in the 20th Century with a range of delicate, reliable and easy working devices in miniature. Although his instruments were financial and technological marvels, Bose seems unable to exploit their commercial potential. A man of science, Bose was solely occupied with posing a unique catechism to Nature.
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