Wealth of nature
The Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary is endowed with a variety of vegetation and diverse wildlife.
A picturesque moment being captured, while a mother and her calf find their way through the woods.
Welcome to the cool habitat that is sandwiched between the Anamalai Hills and Nelliampathy Hills. This is the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary in Palakkad district.
The 278 sq.km. mountainous terrain with altitude ranging from 300 metres to 1,400 metres is surrounded by Pollachi and Valparai in Tamil Nadu, and Thrissur and Mukundapuram in Kerala. It is not only a major tourist spot, but also helps one to understand nature better.
According to forest department officials, the sanctuary is endowed with over 1,400 species of flowering plants including 70 species of orchids, terrestrial and epiphytic. Apart from the common species of medicinal plants, about 50 of them are found in Karian Shola.
Flora and fauna
The rich and diverse wildlife on account of the mosaic pattern of vegetation in the sanctuary is another attraction to the tourists.
Its vegetation includes Evergreen Forests, Moist Deciduous Forests, Dry Deciduous Forests, Teak Plantations, Shola Forest and Vayals. Thirty-six species of mammals, 16 amphibians, 268 birds, 61 reptiles, 47 fishes and 1,049 insects have been recorded in the sanctuary.
The common species found are langur, Nilgiri langur, leopard, elephant, gaur, sambar, barking deer, spotted deer, Malabar squirrel, sloth bear, drongos, bee-eaters, treepies, mynahs, woodpeckers, kingfishers, pythons, vipers, cobras, tortoises and lizards.
The sanctuary with seven major valleys and three major river systems also houses the four different indigenous communities, Malasar, Malamalasar, Kadar and Muduvar.
Most of these groups are settled at various colonies in the sanctuary.
There are also settlers at the Parambikulam-Aliyar Project Colony that was established during the construction of three dams for the inter-State PAP in 1950s. These tribes were earlier hunters and gatherers. In spite of human intervention, the animals are still seen in major places.
With significant peaks Karimala, Pandaravarai, Vengoli and Puliyarapadam and man-made reservoirs, Parambikulam, Thunacadavu and Peruvaripallam, the sanctuary remains one of the most fascinating places to explore Nature.
The Kannimara, one of the oldest and largest teak trees in the world is another attraction in the sanctuary.
It has a girth of 6.52 metres, height of 48.25 metres when the measurement was taken two years ago.
Besides, the sanctuary also has a modern and Interactive Wildlife Interpretation Centre, a medicinal plant demo-garden and Interpretation Centre.
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